ĺͿΡ뤳

ͤ1̥ޥͥ㡼θֻաĺͿ־ǧȿס֤Τʤեפʤɤ̤ܿͤȻŻιʡʴطޤ꡼֤Υ֥ɤǤХޥͥȤ狼פ仿 ߡʤ餺֥ɥ顼Ƚפȡ֡ءֳϡפηкѳءȽפǥ档ȤϾǧǤ

2013ǯ03

³˴ʤ줿աͺݶءAIUĹĹ򤷤Τֻ򤴾Ҳ𤷤ޤ


ϡʸ򺹤֤ƤΥ֥μĤߤʸ˴ƤʸϤꤷޤ




Ǥϻ㡢ǤƮ
ĺͿʵȫ


ϣǯ飸ǯޤγȤƹݴط漼襼ߤ˺ҤߤϿͺλŻ򤷤Ƥޤ

¿νƱζ̤λפФˤ褦ˡ¿˻dz褯˫ᡢͤҤȤǫ˸礤ϩ̤˾ꡢȤǤȤˤϿΥ£ޤ´ơޤˤƤϩˤƤ⡢ΰդȿ뤳Ȥ򲡤ĤȤϡΤ¤٤⤢ޤǤơ´򿴤Ǥޤ

ϡ褯Τʤͤܤ鸫ä٤ͥפδäǤ礦زʤŪʿرġʤŪʸʸطϤοͤ鸫ȡǯȤΤϱɤҤǤꡢ̳ʤμӣܤι̤ܰؤĥ񸦵ΰüǤȤ⡢зĴǤΤ񤫤Ƥޤ

ƤޤˤƤϳΰήԤȤθή̩ˤʬˤƤϺƷиʤɤ˾Ȥ餷ܤضΤ٤Ѥ¸ߤǤ⤢ޤλѤϸǧƧŪܤڤǤϡϡϤְüפǤꡢƮΡפȤƤ٤ΤǤ

ˤơֻפǤäϤơˤоŪʡƮפ䤿˸Ƥޤ˴Ť󤸤ΤŰ줷ƵƤͤȤȤϡȤۤɳ⿢ĤƤޤϼ֤ξؤȤơ˹ߤܻؤ褦¥װˤʤäƤޤ

ưؤδߤȡĤΤǤɤư˫ƿФ֥ڥȾŤפȡƳԤΤΤΤؤФ֥ǥ󥰡סΤɤ餫ФäƤϿͺϤޤʤΤǤϤɤⶵ뤳ȤʤΤǹԤäƤ줿Ǥ̤Ȥơι⤤٥θ´γˤĤʤäƤ褦˻פޤ

ˤơΩˤơΡƮפäƤ줿ϡ´ͤҤȤΥեɤǤΡƮפˤⲹ󤻤Ǥ

̺ľΣǯաˤΣУϤοͺʬΥ٥ȡ־ǧޣץȡפοʸ񤤤Ƥ˽ĤιݶءʣɣաˤޤǻǤޤɼˤΡ֥ץȥץ饶פǡȪ㤤Τʤ麹Фλäο褦礭ʸܤǤˤʤޤơ֤Ϥ狼ޤޤǤ˿ʸ񤭤ޤ礦פȡäƼޤ

ϻǤľ֥᥽ɡפ˿Ƥޤ졢Ʊ᥽ɲĹ̳줿ǤСֺͿ󤬲᥽åɤϤä餷ʤ¿ʬͤΤΤʤΤפȤäФǤ餷ΤǤϤʤǤ礦

Ū˿ʸĺȤǤȤϤȤŷΡ˫̾͡פǤꡢͤǧ롢ξλ򤹤롢Ԥθդݤ롢ޤϤŤʤɡܿȤƤ餤ͤƤճݤؤΤǤäˤȤäƤϡΤι԰٤虜虜餷ꡢڤʤФʤʤΤܤμҲˤɤۤɷ礱ƤƤɬפʤΤϡ餯򤷤ƤΤ񤷤äΤǤϤʤȻפΤǤ

ʤ礦衡ǯز´ΣУˡʹ⥳ɽ




100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
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³˴ʤäաͺݶءAIUĹĹ򤷤Τֻ򤴾Ҳ𤷤ޤ

ϡ17˹Ԥ줿AIUˤư²Ȥɤޤ줿λ׿ͤθդǤ

ϳȤ褷ϡƳǹԤ줿ˡʤΤäǤ





Τ褦˰졢ˡʡ˭򵷡򡢻ϺޤǸȤиȤ⤢ޤؤζγ͡äƴ衦Ĥ˼Ԥ餷ȯۤƤä´߹γͤ˿鴶տ夲ޤ

ɤ²ϡȤ̤ˤǽȤޤ

ϼʬۤ򼡡˸¤ΤΤȤ֤ο͡˫ƤޤƤƤΤäȤڤ䤫ʤλ˼ʬĤȤȤȡȻפȤˤޤפȤǻ䤿²ᤷߤ鿴뤳ȤǤ褦˻פޤ

ϲ²δǤޤơߤäȽפʤȤ¾ˤꡢΤȤˤĤƤϸäȤꤤ򤵤Ƥޤ

ΤȤ˾줵Ƥޤ

Ф̿ˤϤޤ±ڤӥåդγͤ˿򿽤ޤ

ḡ򤷤Ƥˤϡ¼ǼݶؤΤȤǮäݤäƤޤ

θ塢Ѥ򤷤ΤǤռɮ̤ǡθ弫θդǣͤλҶ˸äȤϡʬݶؤΤȤǤؤ̤ιۤ򼡡ŸƤޤϤؤˤȤ⿽Ƥޤο֤䤿ˤȤäƹʽ¤Ǹ̤λȤʤޤ

äѤޤΤ褽줫֡νĤ±ȽɼˤԤ褹򤷤ޤǽĤΤΤδͤʤɤ֤ۤξƤޤ

ֵ褬ɤʤ˸Ѥ򿼤´ޤĤγͤǦϤäƤä롢Ȼפޤޤμ֤αžˤϡٿդɬפǤ礦μ֤ΤȤͤȤǤϤʤߤ˽礤Ƥ碌Ƥݾ㤵ΤǤ͡Ƥ²ޤ㤪ͤγعؤޤ㤤ʪʤɿĤˤ褷Ƥä뤳Ȥ狼ޤߤܤδΰĤϲˤȤƤǡĤβˤФ餷餬ˤäȵǽϤƤȻפޤʽĸο礭¸ߴ⤿餷ޤ

䤬ɰդǰĽĸγͤǤꤤޤݶؤξȯŸΤˡɤϤߤǽˡߤäȽפʤȤȿޤΤϡޤ˹ݶؤξȯŸΤ˲Ǥ뤫ʤФʤʤͤ뤳ȤǤ

ˤޤΤ٤ƤγͤݶؤξΤηäߤꤴϤ

ʸά





28ϤäĶΤ˻Ǥαͤˤߤ򿽤夲뤳ȤǤޤ


ͤϻĹAIU˺ҤƤ뤳ȤäѴФ졢

λˤäAIUܤˤʤä֤פƤФˤޤ͡γˤޥʥˤʤäƤޤޤ͡

ȡäѤꤷĴǸޤ

ΰĤȤơּĹͻפˤͤˤʤäƤ褦ǤȤޤǤϤʤʬθ塢뤤ϰˤϤοͤؤˤĤƤιͤ˰פ顢̾ؤǸ줿졢ǿǤƤ褤äƤȤΤȤǤ


ֱ͡ʤޤǡġ֤Ĥ餤ΤϱͤǤϤʤǤ

äƻΤۤܤˤʤޤ


μ²ȤȤȤʬǤ褯²ǤԤ㡢Ѹ춵դ졣ĹпȤäȡþԤǴȤθ˰Ф᤿ϥե꡼Dzᤴפ줬ΩƤޤ


֤⤽Ǥ衣βѤߤĹơ٤ϸФ롢٤ϸФ롢ȤĤĤ򤷤ơפϻ䤬ΩƤƤޤΤäȡظ٤Фơ줫ǤäǤ褦ˤʤäΤϡ

֤ظ٤Ϥޤ줿ΤäǤ



ޤǤ黿쿧θ񸦵ή˶ʰФꤸ30ФΥǥӥ塼ޤ줿طʡˤȤäƤϷƮǤäƤޤΤǤ



ʤ̤ˤ뤳Ȥ뤬Ƕ᥹塼ʤɤƬȴƤޤȤ¿ơȸͤˡ

ֱͤǤǶ᤽ʤǤ˺ʪٹƻְ㤨꤬¿ơä餭ƤΤޤᤷΤϤ餷˽в񤨤ȻפäƤΤǤɡ

ơ

ֱ͡餷٤ƤƤޤˤ꤬Ȥޤ


Ƭ򲼤Ȥ򼭤ΤǤ





100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
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³˴ʤ줿աͺݶءAIU˳ĹĹ򤷤Τֻ򤴾Ҳ𤵤Ƥޤ

ϡµɽ219AIUdz˰ۿ줿Υ᡼Ǥ

̤פǤʤߤΤʸϤǡפȤΤ²δ˾ʸ̤ˤʤޤ

ƬζϡƤ²п̾͡úʥۥȥȥɡˤӤޤ줿ΤǤ





ɤϤ
ۤƤ



ͺĹŵΤȤ214ʿ˸1026ʬˡٱΤὩĻ±ˤµޤΤǶǤΤ餻ޤ
򵷤218ʷˤƲ²򤬹Ԥޤ

ֶ̡´γ狼10ǯФޤ
ݶؤؤ룱ǯ2003ǯ10դīʹĹϾ嵭Τ褦˿ΩΰյߤäƤޤ

ֹѤͺǰƤ롢ξ¼Τˤ
ȤĹζۤ10ǯԤ˸¤ΤΤȤʤꡢܤι礭ʱƶϤؤĤϤ˺դޤ

ǶޤŪ˳ư򤷡οʹۤ򤿤ĹˤȤäƤ10ǯܤޤ᤹ιΩǤꡢ߼ԤȤ礭¸ߤ˴ǰǤʤޤ

ʤ顢Ĥ줿䤿줿ϡĹǰǮաջס踫Ѥ˸äƹݶؤסȯŸ뤳ȤǤꡢ줳ĹФǺǹĤˤʤΤȻפޤ

ʤ򣳷1713ܳ¿ŪۡˤƼԤޤΤǤΤ餻ޤ

ޤĹαͤ꼡Τ褦ʥå򤤤Ƥޤ

οϡˡγͤȶˤޤ߹´ȼʤӤ񤫤ؤƤ뿷ؼǯɤڤߤˤƤȤѥ᤯Ʈ¤ƤޤΤ⳧ͤ¦ˤȤۤäǤ
Υ꡼ϤؤˤȲ²Ӥäꤹ褦ʤȤ򿽤Ƥޤ
ݶؤ褬̿ǰƤؤǤޤǤγͤθ涨Ϥ˿괶դޤ


Ĺ
ޡꥢॺ






100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
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˴ʤ줿աͺݶĹĹʸسĹˤ򤳤Υ֥Ǥ֤ⷫۤƤȤ򤪵


ĤƤäΤ򿶤֤Ȥ򤹤뤳Ȥϡ˳ؤΤλ̿Ǥȴޤ


ϡ襼OBǸس𸦵궵ݶ쥢Ĵ楻󥿡Ǥ̾۷Ϻˤʸ򡢤Ĥ򤤤ưѤƤޤ
γؼԤȤƤζӤ̣ƿΩˤޤǤĤʤäʹŪϤʸϤǤ





ͺΡ̤γ̿


س𸦵궵
ݶ쥢Ĵ楻󥿡Ǥ
̾ۡϺ



ַήܤΤʻ򡪡

34ǯͺγذʸȤʤä楽Ωȸ١ҡˤ˥ȡθդźƤϡؼԡԤξ̤ǰṲ̄󤲤˶̤ƤΤϡ¿ո⡢˲̴ĩߡŶƮѤä

ݴطγؼԤȤƤϡڥߥƥåʥꥢꥺबĴˤä롣ǸŪŻ뤹¿ŪʬϤϡۤɮϤޤäʸ̻ɴ˾롣郎㤷ä19601970ǯ塢̿ȽŪͻŸسȤ⤤Ȥʤä

˽ʸȤƽ񤤤ظ١ڽŹˤϡμͤζƤǤۤŰ줷ȽŪʬϤʸ״ʸޤȤ᤿̵١˼ˤϡʸ̿ζ˸·֤ȤƤƮ罰ưפʬϡθ˵첽ȸ岽Ȳͽ¬Ƥ楽Ωȸ٤ϡζīᤰʤΩ߲줿楽طǿλ⤫Ӿ夬餻楽²ͽ𤷤

Σɽȸ뤬ϤαƤɤäΥեΡصΥ١μҡˡŷ˶۵޽Ǥƥ٥ȥ顼Ȥʤä١ʹ̼ҡˡִԤ򵡤˹ˤ̤ع١ʻ̿ҡˤѤ̾ʼɮߤȽϤ϶ðŪäʸǤʤ򤭤Υ󥿡ƥŻ뤹ͥ줿ȡ꡼ƥ顼ä

μƸФƸӤ楽ξΰȺȽѤ٥åȡ⡦󥴥ʤϮϰƱŪä̱ŪǾͥΤǤ롣

郎ʡͧ׳ˤϽȽŪǡ餱˷پĤ餷³ǯιͽǯǤϡդᤰΰϤˤĤơ֤郎ϤҤҡʤϤˤɷ㤷ʤ褦ӤƤˤ⤫餺䡢줬椨ˡλ֤ΩäΤǤסʡػпʹ2012ǯ928աˤǤ

ϷݽѤ¤ؤʸͤäХϥץǡФ⹥ιã͡פǤ⤢ꡢ䤬ǤƤ亮ȥ⥹줿ϡϢȯͤϤθؤΥХ쥨վޤ˾줿ι䲻ڤιߤʥåϡإդΥڥ¡١ʸݽսˤʤɤ˼ϿƤ롣

϶ԤȤơͥ줿ݿͤƤ뤳Ȥ˾ǮǤַήܪ׻ä95ǯ6ǯ֡칻ؤγĹ̳ᡢزפ˿񹳤פϺޤϡָߤؤˤƮοͺब¿ĤꡢؤۤƤ뤳ȤפǤʤͳסʡس̿١ˤȴפ˰½Ωؤκ϶Ƥ

ǸŻȤʤä2004ǯιݶءAIUΩϡĻԤιٳ˥ХؤȤŪۤäϡָǤϡܤϹݼҲפפȤͫξ𤫤顢ָξ¼ΤĤפȽĤ˾ߡӽȥåץΥ꡼åפƳѸμȡȾγͶŰ줷٥륢ġʶܡ˶顢ǯγαص̳ȤäϡȤ˴ޤ졢Ψ100ǯãܤι˳̿Ū򴬤

˾öŪضΤФСܤؤϵ줺˼ĤסAIU򤵤ܤغˤĤʤ˾Ƥ214ε¤ǡ̤γ̿פȤʤäƤޤä̳ѤʤˤޤӾλפä


سVol.18








100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp

ޤޤޤȤޤäƤʤȤ񤭤ޤ

ǤβϴǤꡢ餯ۤʻ׹ͤǤäƤꤲФȤDz˿ʤȤȤ򿮤ơ


ּȤƤۤ

Ȥդˤ錄´ĤΤϡΤʤΤ


Ȥ櫓ȯã㳲οͤθդȯȤȿŪˤ⤦Τϡ

ּȤ

ȤΤϡ٤ʶΤƯǤꡢưȤˤϴ롢ȤȤǤޤ


٤ʿΤҤưȤϡԤǤäƤ⡢ʬοȼ̵ʾ֤֤Ȥˤʤޤ


Ǥ礦錄οɱȿФƤޤΤϡ


˿ʤΤȯã㳲οͤϡԤĤˤƤͤƧߤˤ褦ʹ԰٤򤹤뤳Ȥ⤢ޤǫ̩Ϥ򤢤äꡢʬ˶ƤͤΤĤ褦ʤȤ⡢ˤϤޤ

ʤǤ礦ԥݡȤäȤͭȤΤ⡣


ޤȷԤּȤפȤ٤ʤĤȤϡ԰٤ˤʤäƤޤΤǤ

ݴȳưˤäƤϡȿβͤС⤤٥ǶͭƤʤȤʤʤŻȤΤäơСˤȤäơֲͤͭפȤԲǽʤȤ˼ȤΤȤ⤢ޤ


ǰʤ餳˾㳲Ŀͤˤϡߤ˼ȤᤢȤߴطϴԤǤޤ󡣤ԤǤäƤߴطΤʤ̹ԤΡּȤ״طϡ¤ǤޤȤ⤢ޤ


Ȥ櫓Ǥ錄ηȤƤϡּȤפȤ⡼ʥʸդǤϤʤ򤹤סֳؽפȤäŪʥ٥θդǸäƤȻפޤݤˤʤ뤳ȤϤϤ򤱤ΤǡȤ㳲ԤˤȤäƤäȤ˾ޤΤϡּȤƤ餦פȤ֤ǤäƤ⡣


ܸǤȤϤȤϱѸǤޤ


During my mother's illness, which once seemed fatal, there was almost nothing I could do.

However, the home's staff let me sit her bedside because it would encourage her.

The staff said to my mother: "Hatakeyama-san, Sayo-chan came." but there was no response on Saturday. My mother's eye was half-opened and seemed to see nothing under her sickly breath. Since the last autumn, she couldn't recognize me.

This time I did which I have liked to try. I played a role of an older woman than my mother who have watched her 80 year's life.

"Misao-chan," I said to my mother, "you're making good effort, you have always worked hard in your life...You were good elder sister of your sisters...Your sisters are all proud of you...Fusae-chan (her sister's name) said you are her respectable sister, she said she respect you so much... Your mother (namely my grandmother) was a capable and strict woman, she was very good at cooking and needlework...So you can cook and sew so well....She must be proud of you, Misao-chan."


"Misao-chan, do you remember the house in Fujinomiya-city? ... It was small white house next to woods. ...Beautiful Mt. Fuji was seen there...There you lived with your husband and two children. ...The house was too small for four families but there you raised a couple of pigeon, a couple of chicken and a dog. ... You and your family as well as the dog walked in the mountain almost every sunday. ...You loved nature."


"Misao-chan, you were graduated from the university which produces the best English teacher in Japan...You also became a good English teacher..."


I told her life as if I have watched it closely, wishing she could receive it as if a narration by another herself. And it is a kind of expression of 'Acknowledgement' which is the most important behavioral ethics of my coaching.


Her voice "Ah, ah" at her every breath suddenly stopped and I was anxious that she stopped breathing. But she was breathing calmly. She slept after a long time struggle of the day. And it was a good sign.

Also, because it was soon after the change of her laying position, she might feel comfortable. But the staff said she could feel calm because of me.


I tried again the narration of her life history after the next change of position and she slept down again. I left the home after I saw she slept.


Actually To call an old client "Misao-chan" is inhibited to careworkers. Staffs should treat clients with respect even if he or she is returning to his or her childhood. I could do it bacause of being a family member of the client.


Then, on the next day I was surprized at her sitting on the wheel chair.



This past weekend I experienced a real miracle. Let me tell the whole story.

On this past Friday evening my mother got worse. My mother has severe dementia and lives in a small group home in Chiba prefecture. She had pneumonia due to aspiration ʸٱ and had high fever on Friday. I was informed of it from my elder brother who lives near my mother and went to see her on Saturday. She wheezed sickly in spite of wearing oxygen mask and said Ah, ah at every breath.

Fortunately, the president of the home was experienced nurse so she gave my mother infusion ũof antibioticʹʪ and normal saline by herself and a doctor who is old friend of her visited the home to make a diagnosis and decide medicationʿǤ. So my mother was taken care of in group home, without hospitalization. The staffs of the home are all well-trained and took exacting care of my mother, saturating her dried lip with gaze frequently, change her position on the bed every two hours, et cetra. The president instructed the staffs on how to massage the client's arm after infusion.

My brother was inclined to hospitalize my mother and introduce gastronomic feeding on Saturday. He was shocked at my mother's condition and thought that advanced equipments and treatment is needed. I called him and said: The care the home provides is miracle. No other institution can do it. The training level is incrediblly high and it is not achieved in larger institutions. Gastronomic feeding is much stronger intervention than infusion and it would deprive mother of dignity. Mother has attatchment to the home and the staffs, especially to the president. Let her die being surrounded by the people whom she trust.

I said it on Sunday morning without being informed of my mothers condition and in the afternoon of the day I visited the home again to see my mother. She was sitting on a wheel chair! And the staff said my mother started taking fluid meal and tea from her mouth. Who can expect that an old woman who had pneumonia due to aspiration just two days ago can take meal from her mouth! It came from the belief of the president that every elderly should live his or her life to the end with dignity.

It happened in a small group home in Funabashi city, Chiba prefecture, Japan which has 7 dementia clients staying in home and also provides day care service. They have 5 staffs in all. There is only one client who passed away since the home was established by the president after her retirement from nurse 9 years ago.


ǥߡʾޤΡ֥르פƾǤƤΤǡ٤ޤʤԤäƤޤ

Dz˴ؤƤϡҼԤ⤷ʤ䡰


1979ǯȴΤȤȴۤƨƥʥȻšƨͤƿȴ۰ޤƨ˴Ƥ餬ȯи跺ɬꡣΣ߽ͤФ뤿CIAĵγޤ

Ȥ̣ʱDzΤ褦Ǥε߽к郎äʤΤ˥ϥ㡣ǥͽμºߤʤSFDz֥르ײȤΤ֤Υϥ褿ĤܲȤʤɥ롼ˣͤʱæФȤΤǤ

äꥢˤ뤿ɼȯɽܤ䥳ƲѥդĤꡢΥѥդ䥳Ʋ褬饹ȤνйλΩޤϥꥦåɱDzˤϤʤ褦ʥȡ꡼⥤ͤνйФˤϽʬǡ

ɤɤäȤȤäѤּáפäΤʤȤۤˤʤäƤޤΤǤ򤫤äΤϡײʳǽФƤºߤüᥤôĤΥϥꥦåɤǤΩ￶񤤤Ȥפˡ֥ϥåפ֤ꡣʤۤɡοͤΥեץ쥼ơäƤʤΤ͡

ؤȤӥͥϥåʡ餳顣





ʼϫƯɡͻԼŤΡȯã㳲Ԥνϫߥʡפ˹ԤäƤޤ

ʼ˸Ǹۤ500ͼƤΥۡ뤬ۤա

ASADHDäƤԤιֱ䡢Ū㳲ԽϫNo.ٻΥեȴҡٻΥեȤҲҡˤιֱʤɤİޤ

ơȤ˵NHK֥å׸פǡϤȯã㳲ԤνϫפäƤޤ

ִ̱Ȥξ㳲ԤˡΨʿ25ǯ٤飲˰夲ޤʤΤǤɤɤ󤳤̵ؿǤʤʤäƤޤ

ȤǡҤͤԤλϤޤä򴶤Ƥޤޤ

ּȤƤۤ

θդԤˤ˽ФΤǡ󡢤ȡ


ȤΤϤ줤ˤäơּȤƤäƤʤפȤƤΤϺλ塢ԤƱȤȶǽϤΤʤͤ¾ͤΤȤȤ᤿⤷ʤʤϤۤοͤΤȤȤƤ뤫ȤפĤͯƤޤΤǤϤ郎ޤޤʤΤǤ礦


ϤȤ⤫ߥʡTVμˤСȯã㳲νϫϹĤĤޤϤ꽢ϫٱȽͳꡢ嵭ҲҤʤɤŪ˹ԤäƤ뽢ϫʳŪ˽ϫۤȤΤȡǡȯã㳲ˤ꤬ʻŻξǤüʹưƤ뤽Ǥ

ҲҤοͤϡ־㳲˴ŤʤפȤդСۤäȤޤ


ǤΤͤӤȤؤλٱλϡܹۤưưˡ˽सޤưϾ㳲ԤˤԤˤ֥ͥ˥СǥפΤ褦ʤΤ⤷ޤ



100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp

͵򤷤ƤسظĹĹǸ̾ķʤ˻1980ǯإ󥰡ͤƤ뿴ء٤Ƥޤ2048ߡ


http://www.amazon.co.jp/%E3%82%B3%E3%83%BC%E3%83%81%E3%83%B3%E3%82%B0%E2%80%95%E4%BA%BA%E3%82%92%E8%82%B2%E3%81%A6%E3%82%8B%E5%BF%83%E7%90%86%E5%AD%A6-%E6%AD%A6%E7%94%B0-%E5%BB%BA/dp/4414403189/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1363140336&sr=8-1



ȳĹˤʤݡĻƳˡ桢٤ƤλƳԤ˼ˤȤäƤۤܤǤ


ķϡҲ𤹤ޤǤʤȻפޤĤƤδسإեξᄀĤǡĿؤưȡسإեޤ°⹻ΥեĴĤΤȤǤ줾֣Ϣơס֣ϢơפΰζȤʤȤޤ


198090ǯˤϡķΥ󥰡פȤƥӥͥѡ¿ܤǤޤǤ⽸ŪʤΤ졣


θ2007ǯˤϡķΥ󥰤οء٤Ȥ˽ŪܤФƤޤĿͤĻ᤬ĤȤƱˤäξ嵭ܤΤۤߤǤ


ĥ󥰡פϡȤˤ狼䤹䤹Ĥ򤤤󼡻ѤƤƤΥӥͥѡμΤȤǤ⤤̤󤲤Ƥޤ

سإեȤǤ100ͤ10ͤΥؤΥƱ褦­¤ߤ򤽤ƥ󥰤ǤɬפäʤΤǤĤΥץʸ§ƥʤѸӤʿפʸդäƤޤ

֥ˤ狼դȤʤФʤʤפȤΤĥ󥰤ħŤƤդΤҤȤĤǤ


ȳƳˤΤȤơ֥󥰡פƹ󾧤褦ˤʤޤΥݡĻƳԤΥܤˤȤ줿⤤äǤ礦߰ռפʤɤȤʸդȤꡢĥ󥰤侩פޤ





12ϡɱϩͧĹ澼Τ𤳤ȡ񱡡פˤơֹٶפ˻äޤ







ֹٶפϡǤĤ줿ҤΰDVDߤʤ¯书Ҥ괬ĶؤӤޤ124ä5äǡҤλդȽв񤦤䡢뺧ޤ줿Ҥ˸̾ŤʤɤƤޤ



бļԤǤ⤢ϰ²ƻդľҤǡ񱡤ˤϰ²դδݤ줿礭ʳۤޤбĤΤٶˤƤޤ


֤γۤˤĤ١ͿƤޤ

ȡϰ²դľɮۤ򸫾夲ʤ餤ޤ

ˤʽҤȤȤ˺ιޤ򤹤书ޤƱͤڴʤ˹路Ρʼ̿ˤʤɤޤ





ʤǡֲοͤΥ졼бˤĤä򤷤פȤäȡȤ˥륮ȿΤ褦夬ޤ


֤äǧξɤοͤۤߤʥ졼ब¿Ǥ硩

ξˤϲοͤ⤪졢

ֲФʡشŤ٤ޤθ³ǤޤǤǤʤƤ狼äƤʤǤ


ơ

Υ֥Ǥ褯ФƤ֥ҥ塼ꥹƥåפȤΡ֡ߤƤפȤȤϡ褷ơ֡ߤŪ¿פȤȤȥǤϤޤ󡣤Τ򲿥ҥ塼ꥹƥåȤǤäޤñˤȡֺСפʤǤɡ


¤ˤϡϤͳΤ륯졼ФŬбǤʤȤȤϡλߡ̳ˤȤä礭ʥꥹǤƤ¿Ǥ


ߥʡǤϡΩӤƸβοͤˤȤäƤȻפƤΤʤȤä½Ƥ餤֤κǽŪˤ­ƵäƤ櫓Ǥְ츫ɼäƤ館׶ˤ뤳Ȥ뤳ȤʤΤǤμ½Υǥλ֤λȤ뤤κݤǤΥꥹڥȤȰ򤳤Ƥä뤳ȡ餬Ȥ߹蘆äƲǽˤʤΤǤʼ餷Ȥ򤽤ξߤƤʤͤäƤʤΤǤޤȿ⤻ۤޤ


錄ߥʡΤȲݤƤΤȤɤ줫򤷤Ƥۤʤޤ򤵤ʤȤޤޤޤ



100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp



֤褯줿ĶޤαƶϤۤȤɤʤǤ

Ȥ礦ŷͽ󡣤ƿ̺Ҥ飲ǯ





10Х̳ŤΡ֤ߥʡ44ǡ֥졼פˤĤƤä򤵤Ƥޤ

ꤷơ֥졼ݤʤ򲹤ؾǧ٤ˡס


֤ߥʡפǤϤޤǤˣ󡢡־ǧפˤĤƤä򤵤ƤƤޤϼѤơ־ǧפѤ졼бΤá


11̾äޤ


ͣȤǡ֤ޤʤäáפ򥰥롼ץΤȡ֥졼פȤ櫓ʡǤ꤬ʼΥ졼Ȥؤнˡäޤ


Ǹϡֶפȡ־ǧפȤäбˡˤȥ饤ƤüԤγֵͤѤäפȤФޤ


֤ʤ˻üԤ­٤⤫äΤϵפ֤פȼżԤäƤ󤬽ʬǼƳؤǤƲǤ


Ū˶ȳθΤζ˼ȤǤХ̳ꤵ󡢤ΤӤ⤪꤬Ȥޤޤ˥˼Ȥޤ졢־ǧפȤǰˤ⤽񤷤ˤ⿿̤äƤäüԤγ꤬͡Ȥޤ


ȤǡΥߥʡǤڡդΥ졼ޡפˤɤн褹뤫äդΥ졼ޡˡ֥󥹥פȥåƥŽʤȡޥʥ˥ޥʥDZʤȤʤɤäޤǡ֤ƤϤޤʤ졼Τˤ롣ο뤿ˡפȤȤդäޤ


ºݤˤϡ㳲䡢Ȥ櫓ΤȤ䤬ؿäƤ褦Ǿǽξ㳲ʻ褦ʿͤ⼹ٹŪʥ졼ޡˤϤ褦ǤΥǤϼΤ켡Ϳޤʡ㿦ǸοͤȤߤϤʤ褦ȤΤȤǤ


ϡ֥졼פȤΤΰǤϤޤԤκ٤ǤϤʤΤǤ


Υ֥ɼԤˤ⡢⤷Dzʡ㿦ǸοͤߤΥ졼फȤߤΩƤ¸ΤäСΤ餻


ˤȡʤ餺־㳲Ԥθפ־㳲Ժ̡פȤǰФƤ뤳ȤϾΤƤΤǤ귿ȯã/Ԥޤ褷ƺλڤƤ櫓ǤϤʤǤϤ򤷤ƲȤкŪΩ䤳ΰǫݤƤ¸ߤʤΤǤ

Ȥ櫓ΡǤϡסʡ㿦ˤϡ󥰤ʤ;פʤⶵȻפ餤ҥ塼ޥ󥹥ι⤤ͤ¿ƤƤͤϡξ㳲ĿͤˤȤäƤϼʬΤ÷ˤοͤʤΤǰ¿ʤʤ줷äƽĤоݤˤʤäꤹ롽ᤰ른ޤǤǤʤʤΤǤ


ˤĤƤ⡢⤷ɤƤФǤޤǻ䤬äƤʸˤϤʤäǤ



100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp

ؤʤ餫ʼҲȤŨ١ڷҦ˼2013ǯ130ˤȤܤɤ


Ū׹ͤʸŪ׹ͤΤޤꤢäܡԤʣϡůؤο͡3200ߤ⤹롢ˤȤäƤ˹ܡ

ʤ񤯤ȶ餯Ԥ餳ܤܤ줿Ȥäȹ⤤ܤäȤʤ򤹤ͤФƤȤϡפȡ餫äƤ


ơӤھɧ졢ξοʸĤƤ롣ޥΤܤΥڡǤϳΤļ᤬ɾ񤤤仿ƤȻפ


ȤǡϷ褷ŷٵʤ櫓ǤϤʤԤƤܤˤΤƬʸɤǡ֥פꤲФƤޤä


㤨СǤפɵڤ褦ʤΤɵڤ줶ʤߤʥե졼ϡ줳ļܤΤɤǸȤ褦ʵ⤹뤬ΤʤեʤůإեǤʤȤʤŪ˸褦ʡ֤뤤׹ͻǤ롣虜虜ܤɤۤɤΤȤǤϤʤ롣
ůإեˤϡΥեեˣ̤ۤäΤ


ޤ̾ʷбļԤԤȤԥɤϡǽŪˡֽϿͤȿⱧ⥳ȥ뤷ʤפȷŤƤ뤬⤳Υ֥ɤФƤե졼Ǥȡ

ֶϴְäƤͤϻʤʤס

ְä̻ͤŻ򤷤ƤͤФƼȻפ

ȿΥˤ뤬ʬʳ¾ͤĤʤȤͤʤƤޤ⤷ʤȿʤƤޤȤꡢǤϸȿĤΤԲķʤΤ顣

֥ȥפǤְȡפȤ

ؤǤ֥ȥפȤǰϡ褯԰뤬ȤȿؤϥեȤ餬ҥƥ꡼εؿͤŤΤȯʤΤǡȥŪʾ֤򵯤ΤȤƤ

Τ뤳Ȥϲ򤹤ˤȿɬפʤΤǤ롣ĤϤ褯󥰸Ǥ䤿ϼĺν夫齸ĤäῩƤΤǤꡢ˸Ψɤƹʡ٤ι⤤ȿĤ뤫ιʡľ뤹ΤϤΤȤ򤷤ƤΤȡ


֥ȥפ˸³뤳ȤϳΤǤäƤ⡢Ǥ錄αĤߤˤϥ꡼פꡢȿפ롣꡼ŪΤȿ񤹤Τ⹭̣ΥȥǤ롣줬

ȤϵĶΤᡢʡΤˤȤ򤹤ɤȿˤ⤽ΥȥԲķǤ롣


֥ȥפᰭ뤹Τϡȿʤͳͤ餹ؼԤˤ褯ߤ٤ޤϷۤαƶͤˤ褯ߤ롣ʪƱˤ񤤤ĤϾعؤλϷۤˤϤ֤줿Τǡ֤ͤε狼ʤϤʤ֤Τ븢ϤвƤߤʬΤפ롣ޤ֤줿ͤȤʤŪˤΤȤ狼ʤϤʤ


ۤȤ˿Ū¿֥ȥפϤξ㳲οͤˤߤֲߵפǡϺǶϢ³ͤʤɤǤⶲ餯ؤäƤȻפο󥻥顼ǽϼԤˤ⤳Υפοͤ롣


ǡΥԥɤˤϤ褯ߤʤäԤ̾ʷбļԤˤ򤷤ޤǻߤޤäƤ롣бļԤ󤬤νȤꤤ줿ɤϤ狼ʤ֤ʤʤʤͭ̾ʷбļԤȤäȤʤ褦ʵ⤹롣



ʤ櫓ǤܤʸŪʬϻΤäƤ뿴ؤηʤɤ¤Ǥ뤬դƤϤΤٶȯɽΤ褦ˤߤƤޤΤä


Υ֥ϴܡԤɤޤ뤳ȤꤷƤʤޤԤ󡢤äȤޤԽԤͷӤˤ뤳ȤϤ뤱ɡ⤷ܤ˿줿餴ʤ


ܤοŪʬϤޤä狼ʤΤǡ⤷ܤϡܤοɤߤɤ򤴶





ܤڡѤܤ˼Ū˽ФƤŪʻۤܤʤΤȻפǯΤ޳ؼԤ䤿ȤΤϤʤȹͤ롣ļǯ˿λؤμ˾ȿư餫ΤȤֿפܤФ꤫Ƥ롣

ȤȤ˥ե6000ߤܤ䤿ۤ᤿ͤơϤΤȤ⻶ο͡ʤۤƤ͡˺򤷤Ƥ

եἫȤ⡢ͤȤξ㳲ȤͳʤäŪǽϤϹ⤯Ǽʬ¾ͤäˤʤäȤʤɤʤȻפäƤ롣Ȥ򵭲Ǥ̤ʤ顣ͤư侵ǧɾʤΤϼΤȤ



100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp


ޤޤޤȤޤäƤʤͤΤȤ񤯡2013ǯλιͤ


ΤȤǾǽξ㳲ˤĤĴ٤ƤơܤˤĤޤͤΤϥߥ˥ȥ졼˥󥰤ξǤΤοͤο񤤤Ǥ롣

ʡȯã㳲åȤǤޤ١񱡡ˤˤϡعǤΥ륹ȥ졼˥󥰡SSTˤ䥨󥫥󥿡μȤǵˤĤƽ񤤤Ƥ롣ȥ졼˥󥰤ξ㳲¦ߤ褯Ƥơͤ롣󥳡󥰤ƱȻפ

Υȥ졼˥󥰤ˤäơֹʿפäƤ줷ʤȤϩäƤȼʬ˸ʹľΤ


ˤ륳ߥ˥ϡ־ǧפǤַİפǤ졢ԤǤ⤢٤Ϥפ롣


򡢥ޥͥȤɬܤΤΤȡФʤ᤹ƶƤ餤ȤˤĤƤ餦ǯʤΤǡΥץǤ⤽٤򤫤뤳Ȥˤʤ롣ֻդϤΤ˻üԤȤδ֤οط褦դ̾Ϸʿͤʤˤʤʤ٤Ƥʤͤˡ֤󥰤򤷤ޤ礦פȤ٤٤Ǥ롣


ȤǻüԤǾǽξ㳲Τͤƥߥ˥󤬾꤯ȤʤȤ롣뤤ʤ̤˼Ҳͤ餷ȤǤΤ˽Ф롣ͤäƤΤϼºݤˤ褯뤳ȤǤ롣֤Ĥľ󡣲ȤƤäƤפȤΥǸޤ롣


ͤDzݤ꤬ȥ쥹ˤʤꡢֻդФȿभȯ򤹤롣뤤ϡ־ǧץץФơ֤ʤȤäƤ郎ҤΥޥͥȤϤοդʤǤפɡǾФϤοͤμŪʻפߤǡοͼȤ˽¿ΤǾʤˤˤ򿩤餤ޤ줿򶯤ƤȤݤäꤹ롣


줬Τγؤֶ򳲤ȤȤϼºݤˤ褯롣

ȸϣäΤȤ¿顢پΤεʬ򳲤ԲǤʤޤ޸λƤޤȤˤʤ롣ƽαޤϤ뤯ʤ롣


ȤƤϿͤؤƤ٤ǤϤʤΤϤꤳλ塢˸¤줿ͽ֤Ƕ򤹤뤳Ȥͤȡޥͥ㡼ü˥ߥ˥꤬¿ͤϻäƤ餦٤ǤϤʤȻפʿͤ뤳ȤŻ뤷ۤȻפ

ˤ񤤤ͤϸξ㳲˥ץ饹ݵ䥢륳¸ʤɤʻƤ뤳Ȥ¿ޤˤθֻդȤǤǤϤʤΤ


͡¨ƹͤȡ

ȤбưǽϤˤ⿧ʼबꡢˤդʿͤ⤤Хåդʿͤ⤤롣ˤǽʬͤ˸ؤ褦Ӥ󤲤Ƥ뤬åդǤʤͤˤȤäƤϥåϡֲ򤤤ΡפȤΤΤƤơͤϼʬդʤΤ򸫲伫Ȥˤ⤽ʬʤȤϸʤ


ߥ˥䶦ǽϤ礭ʾ㳲ΤͤˤȤäƤϡΥϳؽƤ˾ãʤʬղܤʤΤ顢ֲ򤤤ΡפʤΤǤ롣

ŵؤǸȤΥߥ˥㳲ΤäƤƤʤΡֲ򤤤ΡפȤ᤿˺ʤºݤˤοοͤˤ¿褦

͡ϡ֥ߥ˥νʤɤϡؤ٤ͤιߤͤϡؤ줾٤פȼĥ뤳Ȥ롣ŪǽϤι⤤ͤʤչߤˤˤ٤ƤϤʤʤޥͥ㡼ˤϰʾΥߥ˥ǽϤɬפϤ⤦ǧˤ٤ʤΤ


ޤҲŪ䶦ǽϤ礭ʾ㳲Τͤϡˤơ֥󥰥פȤΤƤ롣

֥󥰥פϽפʥɤȺǶפ褦ˤʤä줬ȡޤ־ǧפȤ櫓ǽŻ뤹ֹưǧפϤǤʤ¾ͤɤư򲱤ƤϤʤɤʤΤǤ롣դʤƤ
֤áμʤΤä㤦Ǥ硼ͤǤ硼
ȤȤˤʤ롣餯ʬΤ餺Τ餺ΤˤưȤäƤ뤳ȤʤɤޤäФʤȻפ


ޤ֥󥰥פ¾ͤäƤ򲱤Ƥ̤ʤ顢ʹդꤷƤ⤢ȤƤʤפȤȤˤʤ롣ޤʤؼ줿ȤⲱƤʤ顢֤ϤäפͤùޤŬʸ򤷤ꤹ롣


ݤʸˤФͤФʪŤդȤԤ

ּʬɾ㤤Τäͳ褯狼äƱνAϼʬϤ뤫ɤäƤΤ狼ä

ȸäǤ롣


󡢤ưϼٰʤΤǤʤ忴ʤΤǤʤ⤷οͤʿͤȤǹͤȡ̤μҲͤͤϵ̳򤢤餦褦ʹ԰٤ǤꡢϤԲˤ롢뤤ϥ᡼Ϳ뤳ȤϸޤǤʤȤ櫓ʤΩˤʤäȤϳ礭


㳲ƤȤȤʤΤ


㳲ˤĤƽ񤫤줿ܤϡԤȯŪ˰ŵؤǤ˷Ҳ񻲲ä뤳Ȥ򥴡ˤƤ뤫顢ԤŤ餵˴źפȤĴ뤬ɤǤƻ椵⤢롣


ΡּơפȤԤɤ夯ˤɤ줰餤ϤοͤĤˤäƤϰĤ褦ʿν碌⤢롣ˤĤƤϾ㳲ˤĤƤʸϡ֤뤷ʤȽҤ٤ˤȤɤޤäƤ롣᤬ĤΤϾ㳲ˤǤ롣㳲ǤʤϥˤĤƽ񤫤줿ܤϡﳲԤФơƨ뤷ʤפȴ롣


ʤ٤μƤޤǤΥץṳ̂ۤȻפΤ

ʸˤСּơפΥץȤ˾ޤΤϡʤ

֤ʤ󤫺äƤ뤳ȤϤʤ

Ȥդ򤫤Ȱ̤򴫤롢ȤȤǤ롣ʤϡ־㳲פȤդˤƤϤʤʤ

ĤޤܿͤμФȤơֺäƤפȤʤȤʤΤϤޤǤ͡ʾ̤ǥߥȤƼ졢˽Ǽ졢ϤҤɾ㤯ʤꡢܿͤϤλ´طǧƤ롢ȤȤǤ롣


鼺ԤǧƤϤʤˤ϶餯ܰŪʾʤܿͤ٤򤫤뵡Ĥʤ褦ꤷθƤ̡ĹָᤴƤȤ⤢Ȼפ



ʤȤ㳲ˤĤ򤬹ޤäΤϤۤΤ10ǯ餤ʤΤޤˤ礭ǧζ򤬤褦ʵ롣




100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp

ꥫؼԥåȡڥåϼΤ褦˽Ҥ٤Ȥ


̤˿ؤˤϡ˰ȤΤ¸ߤʤȹͤ뷹롣ȤȤȿؤˤϡȤȤθ줿ǹͤ٤꤬¿¸ߤΤǤ롣ϸ¤¸ߤ롣դФäƱϤεڤָ¤˲褦Ȥ͡¸ߤΤǤ롣͡ϼΰդ˵ŤȤ򤱤褦Ȥ롣ʸؤǽҤ٤Ƥ褦ˡϸᡢ򤱤뤿ˤϤ뤳ȤԤäȤ롣άϷ褷¾ο͡Ĺ褦ȤϤ˲褦Ȥ롣¾ο͡ĹƤΤ˸뤿ˤϡɬפȤСƤޤȤ롣ȤΤ⡢¤ϡޤο͡äƤ뤳Ȥ˶򴶤뤿ᡢηʤȤƤǤⲡ٤˲褦Ȥ뤫Ǥ롣ϰŪĹ˸뤿ᡢʬΰջ֤ʤ餵ޤˡ뤤ϤҤˡ¾ο͡˶Ū˲Ĥ뤳Ȥ롣ϰΩΤʤΤǤ롣ʡؤ˽ϡؤȤ̩ǡ١ġ




ְפȤơ˽Ҥ٤줿ΤŪʥʥ륷ʼʰͳʾ㳲ˤȤ⤤뤷ȯã㳲Τ褦ˤ⸫뤷ʤ٤Ƥȯã㳲ʤ櫓ǤϤʤΤϤˡޤư̤ǤϥϥȡϥåǤ롣

ȯã㳲ȤˤϽͳʾ㳲Ȥߤʤ쥵ꤲ줿ͤˤϤʤȯã㳲οͤ롢Ȥո⤢롣¨ʪŤǤʤɤʤȤ⡣
餯ŵؤˤäƤޤäޤޤοǤФ


ˤ롣ޤäȤʿοͤݤͤ褦Ȥ͡ȤΤϡˤ⤳Υ֥ǽҤ٤

ʤȤС֥ϥåˤ;᤬http://blog.livedoor.jp/officesherpa/archives/51160421.html

ϥ饹ȤﳲԤˤʤ䤹ΤϤषޤᡢǤ¾Ԥɤ򤷤ʤФʤʤȹͤƤͤǤ롣


Ƥ͡ް԰٤ϡȤóԤ㳲ȲȡְפȤߤʤ٤ʤȤȿˤȤäƤϥޥʥǤꡢȥåפ򤫤ʤФʤʤ餫ˡǡ

Ȥˡ֤䡢ȿˤԿԤϤĤΤפȥʥʥǺѤޤƤϤʤʤ


⤷Υ֥ɼԤʤȤƤβˤˤϤͽμäƤȻפ幪ߤʲóԤˤޤƻܼ򸫼äƤϤʤʤ





βνϷɡ509ͤФ줿˥٥ι⤤ΤФä


ʤɤФζȳˤϵ®ʼȿͼ­ǡ˸ƤȤߤʤʤä褦ʡѻʳǤǤꤷƤ褦ʿͺήƤ롣򲿤ȤǰƤȤΩ뤳ȤȤ


鸽Υ꡼ؤôǤϤʤΤǤ롣󤮤꤮ΤȤǤˤʤäƤȻפޤǡ֥ޥͥȡפ¸ߤʤäȳäȤ⤤ϤǤϺѤޤʤ


ȤԻ׵ĤʤȤ־ǧפ򤷤äȤˤĤƤȡʳΤȤ򤬤ߤ߸ʤƤޥͥΤꤷƤޤ¿ξ硣


ֽΥ󥰸ǤѤʤäʸ꡼ˤѤä郎ꤷ夤Ƥߤ褦ˤʤä

Ȥ򤷤դ⤢ä

Υ󥰤ϡŪˤϡܿͤοͳʤɤ߰㤨Ƥ뤫顣Ǥ´ΤʤΤǤȤƤ̵Τ󡢶Ÿ䤿ȤФѸ䳤ܿοήȥåʸո򤱤Ƥ

̤λüԤϤޤǤϤ狼ʤ֤ʤθǸäƤ뤳ȤϤ줽ʵפȻפäƤФǤ


509͡ȤΤϡηи˾Ȥ餷Ƥ⡢ͿθǣȤɤƤ⤽ʤ롣⤷10̾ǣָ
ʤϤ־ǧפȤƥĤ礭˴դߤơ֤ˣ̲򶴤ۤؽΨϤ褤
Ф8ͤ餤ˤʤ롣





ȤǺǯ麣ǯˤƤνĤĤͤˡΤȤλ̳ɤĤȤֻվҲϽäƤ줿ۤΤǤϤʤȻפ褦ˤʤäδ֤򵯤ʷҼλؤ礦ɤ餤ƸˤΤϤ٤äΤФϤʤä

褦˺Υ٥뤬ꡢֻդΤȤ­ĥꤿޤʤΤȻפȤʬȤꤷΤǤäƤ⡣


ƻΥѥϥ꤬Фɤν˥˥ȤΤʥȤä

ֽʤäˤˤϤȤǤʤȤ򤹤롣롢쥤פ롦


ˤ֤ʤĤֻվҲפ϶餯ΰĤʤΤ

ۤȤˤľ뤷ʤФʤʤ



100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp



ǹԤ줿ǧξɥݡХפ˹ԤäƤޤ


ǯߡ400ͤΡǧξɥݡפ¸ߡǧξɤˤĤǤͤǤΤ45ͤ10塣عǯλҤɤ⥵ݡˤʤޤ


Τϰʡ㥻󥿡ΤˤʤäơعȤǹֺ¤򳫤ݡޤ


λҤɤϾعǡ֤ȤȤϲסǧξɤȤϲס֤ɤܤƤФΤפؤ֤ΤǤʼȼȤʤäǯ50ФĤˤܤ饦


¾ǧξɤοͤʬΩƤҴѼȡAOSפҲ𤹤ֱ⤢ޤ


路ǧξɥȤäˤϡ

ָ̳ؤ𻣤ʤ󤫤ޤ뤳ȤǤ礦Τϻ䤿ǯǧξɤäƤǤ

ºݤˤΰäˤ⤢ä


50ʤɤȯɤǯǧξɤϿʹԤ᤯®˿夷ƻ˻뤳Ȥ¿Ȥ


ΤΤʤեǤ꤬ФǧξɤˤĤΤäƤʤФʤʤȤ¿


Ȥˤֺ¤μºǤϡԤ䥹ѡʤɤȤȤ¿ȼοͤ˥ӥǥб򸫤ʤͤ븦򤷤Ƥ

ˤʤäƤΤǤ롣





ǧξɤȺϤ⤦ġȯã㳲פˤĤƤܤ򽸤᤿ͥåȤĴ٤ꤷƤ롣


ˤҤɤȤ򤷤οͤοͤȯã㳲פǼäꤹ롣ʥ륷ȻפäΤ⡢㳲ܿͤƤƤʤȯã㳲ȹͤۤΤ⤷ʤƤƤʤȡʬΤʬǤηŪǽ­˵ŤʸäƤ¾ͤΤۤȹͤǤ롣


Ȥ餢οͤϼٰʤΤǤϤʤ忴ʤ櫓Ǥʤñ˾㳲ʤΤ㳲˵Ťο˽ƤȤʤΤ


ͤԾ̵ѤʽĤˡɤۤɡ־㳲ԼơפäƤ뤳Ȥ

ͥåȾˤȡȯã㳲ˤϡּפȤΤꡢ¾Ūǡʬξ㳲ϤǤǧʤפ褦

ܿͤȯã㳲¿ϤǤ롣修Υۥ󡢥ȥȯäȤ⾯ʤҥ˥åפäƤͤγ礬⤯Υ˥åפλϼľɥꥹ⤤Ȥ𤵤Ƥ롣̾ȤƤμľɤ¿ΤǤСޤ༫ľɥڥȥο͡γ⤵˹⤯ʤ





¤줿ͺݶءAIU˳Ĺ를ߤOB񤬣dz졢äƤ

OBθ趵ϻͥ˥å֤ǡ˥桼饹ǡ˻ҤɤΤ褦̵ٵ˾Ф˻ҤɤΤ褦˾ˤʤꡢƳˤ礭ʰǤ

ضˤʤäƤ뤢OBϤߤ⡢ϳͤˤꥹڥȤλФƤ줿μҲؤθդǸȡؼҲŪǧ٤򤯤äƤȻפס

٤Ĥοͤϡ˼ȤǻĤƤäȤϤʤ¿ʤϤǤ˼Ƥä


餯ξΤζˤ⤽λפä



ƤȤƤĤʤ礭ʹϤäʪä

κĴۥѥžγĹθӡϰ̤ӤäĴۥѥͽϤȤȤˬ͡ϤΩäƤڤܣܡ֤򤳤äˤäơϤäˤäơפȥߥ졼󤷤ƤʬĶμĹθ̱ȤκǷƤϡ۲ŪǾλǤ⤢ä褦AIUο޽۷ۤˤ⤽κǽߤ롣



ʤ줿²äˤȡľޤǼ̳Ƥ֤εѡѤϢ³˵޻ȸäƤ褫ä褦²ˤɤۤɤǷǤäȤ

ͤȤȤOBβ˽ʤ줿ϡλब10ǯ٤ä餳ʤ¿γͤޤäƤʤäǤ礦ޤ⤳ʤˤбǤʤäǤ礦פȸ줿Τä


ʤȤƤʤФʤʤޤˤޤ´ͯʤΤ


ʤ䤿ȿʬλ򽸤ƤΤϡñ԰´ȿ⤷ʤ



100ǯ˸ؤͺ򤷤褦
NPOˡʹ⥳
http://c-c-a.jp





إեȡʾˡ١ʥ˥롦ͥޥ˼2012ǯ11ˤɤߤޤ


̾Ρ֥եȡפϡʸΤȤФǸȡ֥ƥࣱס֥ƥࣲפȤʤޤ


錄ǾΡ®ǹ֥ͤƥࣱפȻ֤򤫤ǫ˹֥ͤƥࣲסΣĤΥƥȤ߹碌Ƥ錄ϹͤƤޤ¿ξϡ֥ƥࣱפޤܽǤϡĤΥƥ򤽤줾˸ǽϤǾιưΤȤƹͤ褦ƤƤޤ


פϡΥ֥Ǥⲿ٤о줷Ƥ֥ҥ塼ꥹƥåסʷиΤ˴Ť׹ˡˤΤá˥ץ饹ήԤΡְջϡפǤäƤ봶ǤܤʬȤȤǤ͡


Ӥʸϡֿʹ֤Ρذջ׷٤ΡԹ٤ʿ¤褤طǡ٤ΤɬɽפȤäƤꡢɤǡפʤΤ˴ؿΤˤϤǤ


ǧŪФϹǤΤȤ䤤Ԥϡ֤ޤԤϤǤʤפ롣֥ƥࣱϼưžƤƥåڤ뤳ȤϤǤʤᡢľŪ׹ͤΥ顼ɤΤ񤷤


֤Τ٤ļʬľѤˤĤΤϡ󤶤ꤷƤäƤʤ⤽⥷ƥࣲϤΤƸΨΤǡƥࣱ귿Ū˹ԤäƤꤹ뤳ȤϤǤʤΤǤ롣䤿ˤǤΤȤŶˤʤԤ䤹ʬˡؽäƤΤ礭ȤˡƽʼԤɤ٤Ϥ뤳Ȥ(p.44)

ȤС֥ХåȤȥܡϹףɥ10ȤǡХåȤϥܡ꣱ɥ⤤ǤǤϥܡϤǤ礦פȤФơ10ȡפȤ顢ʤϤ褯ľŪʿͤʤƥࣱȤͤͭ̾ؤγ50󤬡ľŪʡФȤ

ʥƥࣱȥޥʥƥࣲȤ٤ܤθ󤷤Ǥϡ

ŪƤκȤʤͤϡؤޤ٤ȸ롣(p.70)


ɥåֿǤʤԤϥޥͥ㡼ˤʤ٤ǤʤפߤʤȤäƤ뤬ΡֿפȤȤǾʳŪˤϤɤᤷ餤ΤǺǤޤҤäȤ֥ƥࣱפˤ֥ƥࣲפ򤳤ޤ˻ȤȤȤޤʤͤΤȤäƤΤ⤷ޤ


ƲĤ֥Ǥοͤ¡פ餷ꡢѤäѷǤͤΤȤ褦˥ǥ󤵤줿˵褷ꤹΤϡΡ֥ƥࣱפǤΤ꤬ͤ뤫Ǥ
ʤ󡢲֤򤫤ФȤΤǤϤޤ󡣤٥ԡɴäƻŻ򤹤뤳ȤڤǤ


ȤǤ⤷ȤˡܽˤС֥ƥࣲפȤäƤ뤳ȤϡƷפĤޤܤߤФ狼褦ʤΤǤ󤱤ΤäƤȤƷʤȤ롣ä񤷤ˤʤȡ˳Ȥ롣֥ץ饹פȤԤ餬ͰƤǾ˻³ŪϤ׵᤹­꤬äȤ񤷤ƷϤȤѤ50礭ʤꡢϣʬ֤󣷲ΤǤܤ礭ҤȤϤޤǻθ֤Ǥ礦


¾ҥ塼ꥹƥåˤĤơ餤Ƥ⤢ޤ򤤤Τ򽦤äƤޤ礦


ǧŪ˻֤ǤϡŪ򤷤䤹ĩȯŪʸո򤷤䤹ҲŪʾˤĤɽŪȽǤ򤷤䤹ȤΤƤ(p.62)


̵ֲФäƤʤǡ꤬ߤ꤫äƤȤʤϥեȥ򤷤ʤʤ뤫ޤǤʤʤ롣θݤϡؼס(ego depletion)̾ŤƤ(p.63)


եȥפ䥿Ȥϡ

ͤʤΤ̵˹ͤ롣
ưŪʱDzѤƴŪȿޤ롣
ȿϢԤ
¾ͤ˶ݤͿ褦Ȥ롣ʿĤߥʡ並ΤƤΤϤäȤȻפ
ʡʤޤסˤͤμʤդޤ˴Ƥ˱롣Ʊ塧ʤۤɡ
ͼΰۤʤͤդ礦ʺŪиäƤͤξˡƱ塧ŪиĿͤȰְʾܿȤ˾פ

ƾפ򼨤Ȥϡ

åȤƤޤ
ư㤤롣
ĩȯ˲ȿ롣
ϤΤŻ򤹤ꤲФ
ǧŪŪʰջ׷ǤȽǤ򲼤(pp.63-64)


פȽϤ˰ƶ򤪤ܤ饨βȽͤοολŻ֤ߤȡٷľεΨǤ⤯εٷľˤϥ᤯ˤʤäƶʢˤʤäȽͤϡѲȤ°פʡֽפ˲󵢤ä

ͻĹϱԵǤꡢƤƤͥƥֻ֤򤷤㵤ǿͤϤʤˤפΤȤȾΥѥƥ㲼Ƥˤ狼䤹äϾǧɤǤϤʤäȻפ


֤⤷ʤΤˡ򹥤ޤפäƤȤ顢ΤƻѤ⹥Ǥǽ⤤Τ褦ˡͤΤ٤Ƥ򡢼ʬܤdzΤƤ⤤ʤȤޤǴޤƹޤפʤޤˤʤ˷ϡϥ(Halo effect)ȤΤ롣̤Ȥ(p.122)

֤Ф⤨ܡפǤ͡ǯĤ⼫ʬοʪ˼̵褦ʽäŽϥ̤ȤǤ

Τ٤Ƹָ̡¤줿긵˴ŤƷӤĤϡľ׹ͤ򤹤뤦˽פǤꡢηϡʬθΤ٤ƤȷƤꡢʤΤ¸ߤʤȤФꡢõȤ⤷ʤȤͳ褹롣ƥࣱϡݤľΤȤˤʤäƤμˤ̤ˤҤɤ̵ʤΤǤ(p.129)

⡢Ȥ櫓ĤäƤ褦ʶϡʾ󷲤椫鼫ʬμĥԹΤ褤Τ󼨤Ƥ褦ʤȤ롣ƤɿǼ˾ȽŪ˶̣뽬ĤƤΤǡŵ뤳ȤɬäƤ롣Ĥϼ˥ƥࣱ꡼ηʿͤˤϤʤäƤۤʤΤ


ƥࣱ˥󥰤ˤꡢỤ̃ʬǽϡǾˤϡηϤɾϩ餷Ȥδ̿˸ȤԤ70󤬡ǽϤ⤤פɾƤǽϤɾ̤Τۤ٤ɾ̤⡢ͽۤȤƤϤ뤫ƤˤʤäŪˤϡǽϤ⤤פȤɾϡäꤷܤȼդФȤ߹碌֤ǤˡפȤʷϵФΥƥࣱμưŪˤȤ˺䤹ͭԤȤϡ¤ƥƥӤ褯ͤäοͤˤ路ƥӤ򤢤ޤ긫ʤͭԤΣܤִΰݤ˴Ťǽϡפ˱ƶ䤹(pp.135-136)


ҥ塼ꥹƥå(affect heuristic)ˤäȽǤޤäƤޤŪǤǤȡƥࣲϼȽ򤹤ֿͤǤϤʤʤ롣ƥࣱδȽ⡢ʸ˲뷹ޤ롣(pp.153-154)

ϰջ׷μ˱ƶͿ롣Ǿ»ʤɤǰջ׷ˤ٤ͯƤʤͤϡˤŤߤŤǤʤᡢ褤򲼤ǽϤ˳̤򸫱ۤơַʶפȤǤʤΤϡ椬Ȥ٤Ȥ롣(pp.204-205)


ιֺ¤Ǥϡ꡼ΰջ׷μ˽ʱƶͿҤȤơִפ򴶤ȥ졼˥󥰤Ԥޤ𥳥ȥȤյȡջ׷Τʬδ򴶤뷱ξ¦̤ޤ


Ѳǽҥ塼ꥹƥå(availability heuristic)˻ĤäƤƸƤӽФ䤹Ȥɾ롣ԵΤ硹ŪƻΤǡʤϤФ餯δԵΰᾮɾˤʤ롣

褯ޤֶ͡ʾǯȺ϶ǯƤ뤫פȤ䤤οͤYES롣פ򻲾Ȥȵդ˸äƤ뤳Ȥ狼롣礭ƻΤǡݤ˻ĤäƤΤ

ĿŪľܷиȤ⵭˻Ĥ䤹Ѳǽޤ롣ʬȤΥХռ뤳ȤǡޤޤʶƱץȤޤǻŻ򤹤硢ʬΤۤ¾ΥСĥäƤꡢ¾ΥСι׸٤ϼʬ꾮ȹͤǤ롣ƥࣱˤȽͤϡƥࣱ򸷤ƻ뤷Ƥͤ⡢ѲǽХ䤹Ȥ狼äƤ롣(pp.193-200)


Ѳǽҥ塼ꥹƥåϡꥹɾ礭ƶ롣ȤǾ´ˤ˴ϻΡʤΤιסˤλԤΣܤãˤ⤫餺︳ԤΣϻλΤۤ¿︳ԤȽǤƻˤäƤ椬Ƥ롣(p.203)


ѲǽɡƻʤɤˤХᥫ˥ࡣǰνϻפ⤫֤䤹ʤӴζˤˤäȽǤ롣ѲǽɤϼŪϢǡ¿ξ硢٤ʽǥƻ뤳ȤϤޤꡢ̻̱Υѥ˥å絬ϤܲȯŸȤ򤿤ɤ롣錄ϥꥹ̵뤹뤫ߤ˽뤹뤫ξüˤʤꡢ֤ʤ(pp.209-211)


ɽҥ塼ꥹƥåȥࡦWʤ򤢤ޤܽҤȿʤΤdz䰦˳Ψ줿Ψ̵뤹롣Ϻ٤ȤΥפפȤ֤ʤ˥ȥƤ顢ϳسǤϽʤפȤäȯˤɽҥ塼ꥹƥåǤ롣Dzإޥ͡ܡ٤Ǥϡ롣Ĥ礭٤ʤɤȸäƤ륹Ȥܤ˥֥åɡԥåʱGMμӥǡ˴ŤӡϾʤͽǤФ餷Ӥ夲

ȥ٥Ԥܸ§ϰʲΣġ
̤γΨѤȤϡʴΨ򥢥󥫡ˤ롣
ڵοǷ̤Ĥͤ˵


֤äȤ餷פˤܽҤʤ֥϶԰Ǥפ֥϶԰ǡեߥ˥ȱưγưȤǤ⤢פΤۤäȤ餷롣ΤäȤ餷ΨʤäȤⵯ䤹ˤȺƱ롣ϤΣĤϡִޤࡢޤޤפδطǤꡢԤΤۤΨϹ⤤ΤĤλݤƱ˵ϢݤΤ֤ۤäȤ餷׸ǥƥࣲϥФƤޤä


ʿѤؤβ(regresshon to the mean)뤳ȤʿͤˤܤιܡԤ礭ǼȤμϤޤʤ롣ϼƳؽǤϤʤʿѤ˲󵢤Ǥ롣ޤʿѤ礭벼ʥߥ򤷤Τ϶ǤꡢμϤäʿѤ˶ᤤѥեޥ󥹤򤹤Ψ⤤եȡʥȤǤϡˤФ꤬ϣܤ˥򰭤븽ݤǧ줿ĤѿؤԴʤȤϡɬʿѤؤβ󵢤롣



ηåХϰˤ夲
ֻϡ2008ǯζͻ򤱤ʤȤΤäƤ٤ȤΤޤΤ򤿤ΤäƤ롣
ּ򤹤Ǿϡ̣Ť򤷤ﴱȤ롣ͽ۳λݤȡ䤿Ϥˤ˹碌ƼʬѤ롣
ֿʹ֤ǾΰŪʸ³Ȥơˤ뼫ʬξ֤˻äƤʬΰոΤ˺ƹۤǤʤȤ󤲤(p.294)
ֲμʬΰո¤˺ƸǤʤȤʤСʤɬŪˡλݤФƴäˤʤäƲᾮɾ뤳Ȥˤʤ(p.295)

֤󤳤ΤʤΤ־ǧפ򣱲ʤäǼʬϿͤ˾ǧ򶵤ʤȻפäƤޤΤϡ


̥Хȡջ׷Ŭڤɾ뤳ȤۤȤԲǽˤʤäƤޤ錄ϡ꼫ΤϤ褫äΤ˼¹ԤޤäǤ⡢ջ׷Ԥ񤷤Ǥ롣ޤ줿꤬夫鸫Τ褦˸ˤϡջ׷ԤۤȤɾ޻ʤ

ʤɸȤ䤫鸫ºɤǤʤ͡־ǧפ塢ʤǤ⤷ʤˡˡ֤äơפΤȤǤ͡פȸΤϡ̤Ф͡Ϸ褷ƤμΤȤʤϾǧ˶ᤤΤΤʤä櫓ǤϤʤǧ򿷤ʤΤȤơȯפ롣


̤ǤФۤɡηåХ礭ʤ롣Ȥ911ƱƥΤ褦ŪʻǤϡͽ¬ǤʤäܹⴱǤʤ̵ǽȷĤ䤹ηåХ̥ХϡΤȤƥꥹĹ롣


ʬϤ꡼åפбļˡΥƥꤷƤ⡢⤤ȤϤʤإӥʥ꡼ѥˡ٤۵ȤȤѤäȤʤȤȤμȳ꥿γʺϡĴָˤϽ̾ۤȤɥ˶ŤƤ롣ʿܤθδǡפˤĤƽ񤤤ΤԤ餬ˤäꤷȤȤäȾФ˴Ȥ뤤ϼԤʪ줬ɼԤοªΥʤΤϡǾߤƤΤͿƤ뤫Ͼˤ̤ˤ餫ʸޤ衢ɬŪʿѲ󵢤Τ̵뤷Ƥޤޤ衢ȤåǤ롣ɼԤϡߤʤ򿮤äƤΤǤ롣

Хӥͥ륽ߤܤꤽɤ錄λŻȤƤ϶Ӥ˹⤤ΨǷӤĤ֥١פ夲롢ȤȤ򤷤ä


κСܽˤпͺѤ꡼ʤλˤ뤿ΤäȤƥȤӤʤɤϤޤäƤˤʤʤѤ侺ʤˤͤϿۤ褤褦

ֿ͹Ūꤵ줿ǣ֤ФʼΤιưѻǡξǺľ̤Ȥɤʤդޤ򤹤뤫ä狼äˤʤäƤΤ䤿ͽ¬ʿѲ󵢤ޤäǤʤäּʬθΤ٤ơ׸̤ä(p.308)


ͻȳΡ֥κСסڷҤθĿ͵ңͤǯ֤˹ԤäˤĤơ
äȤäΥ꥿飱ǯˤ錄äĴ̤ϡǤää;夬ꤷƤȾθĿȤˤȤäƤϡǤӤƤΤӤꤷƤۤؤʻפĤ¹Ԥ褤ˤȸ롣

θԤϡ٤򶼤פȤȥʸˤޤȤᡢʿŪˤϺǤȯȤǤ»򤹤뤳ȡξʤȤۤ٤礭Ȥ򼨤

ޤˤ٤񤤡פꤹʸǤϡˤ̵פʹͤ˼ᤫϤ뤫¿η̡Ӥˤ뤳Ȥ򼨤


ˤϤȤ錄ǤΤۤθϤ褯狼롣ˤϤ䤿Ǿ򴹤뤬ɤ̵פʹͤ˼ᤫƼԤƤΤߤȡ֤ξ㤦פȻפȤ¿


Ȥͽ¬ʤȤáߡΡַԤξܡפǤϡѤȤμŪʰݤ˴Ť׾Ūͽ¬ȡ롼˴ŤܤɾͲˤŪͽ¬ȤӤɤ餬Ƥ뤫ʬϤȤȤͽ¬ϥ롼˴Ť르ꥺ򲼲ä褯Ʊä

θΥɡθˤС르ꥺ΢񤭤褦ʥ르ꥺǽʬŬʽŤߤŤ򤷤ʣʷ׻˽ʬйǤ롣ηŪɾ֥ץפϤ㡣


θƧޤơĿʹ֤ḷ̌ƹԤä⤷ߡܤǤϡĤɸಽ줿³ǧѰդܴ˼䤵տޤȤƤݤˤϥ̤ӽܴʬľǤʻ³ǧ򤹤Τ˹ĤΤǡԤϾ⤷ܤϻؼ̤˳μ¤˼¹ԤƤƺǸˡʤδ˾̤ˤޤ礦ܤĤơʼΤˤʤäʼƤƸʳǥդƤ׿塢οϤ뤫ΤʼΤŬͽ¬Ƥ뤳Ȥ狼ä

ľͤ⤿餹Ȥ⤢롣ϡҴŪʾ̩ˡǼ롼äƸ̤ɾ˸¤롢ȤȤǤ롣(pp.333-335)


ľΤְäƤΤ褦ϡ΢դΤʤľˤϰ̣ʤɬ׽ʬʾ΢դ줿ľˤϰ̣롣ԤľƤϤƤС˭٤ʷи˴ŤựФ⤢뤷ΤҤȤޤޤ룱ĤξɬװʾţդˤʤäƤޤäˤϴְ㤦Ȥ⤢롣



ȤСʤβҤǥ륹ޥѤȤ褦ʤ˺ǹοͺѤȹͤƤʤ顢٤ȤϤޤλŻɬܤŬʵŪϡҸʤɡˤ򤤤Ĥ롣ĥäƤϤʤܤ礦ɤ褤νˤ֤ϤʬΤ鷺ǡѤͺΥƥ˸夹Ϥ(pp.335-336)


ѤͤƤͤˤ˽פʼȻפɾ嵭Υѥ饰դȴƤޤɤߤܽ㤤᤯




֤褤ջ׷פˤϤʤ¿ΰҤäƤ뤳ȤǤ礦ջ׷򤷤ȤˤͤǤСθƨƤϤޤ󡣽פʶ̳μǤ

ˤƹ⤤ϰ̤ˤĤͤϼʬȽϤ΅褦ˤʤޤͤݤˤȤŤȽǤʤȻפ褦ˤʤޤȤɤⵤĤޤ礦֥ƥࣲפܤʤ褦ˡ³ä³ޤ礦


ܽβˤϤԥͥޥΤäȤפȯǤ֥ץڥפФƤޤ崬ˤĤƽ񤤤Ȥ©ڤ줷ƤޤäΤǡϤޤơ


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