奢ɥ顼ءʾ˲
奢ɥ顼ءʲ˲

ظ奢ɥ顼ء١ʾˡʲˡʥʡޥʥ졼ɡʡ륷ˡսҡ1995ǯˤɤߤޤ

ǤϡΡֶפΤȤɤߤޤɥ顼ۤηѾԤȤƣ˵󤲤Τɥ饤ƤΤҤΥ륷ˤĿͿضΩĿͶعΩޤ

֤ۤʤʤ(No Reward No Punishment)ˤŰ줷ζȤϡ

ܺ٤ϤϤ֤ޤҤɤ⤿ϼʬǼʬγؤӤʤӡ饹˽ʤ⤷ʤ⼫ͳǤ롣ƥȤϻҤɤ⤬׵ᤷȤ˹ԤȤŰ줷Ǥ롣

Ҥɤ⤬ʬΥ饹顢ϼʤ뤫ۤäƥɥغȻҤɤ϶ФƤʤФʤʤ⤷غƤФƹԤʤäꡢ˽ФƹԤʤäꤹХ롼ȿǤꡢ롼ȿβޤؤˤʤ롣

ּʤפɸ֤عΡּפؤΤϡӽפʤΤǤϤʤȤε䤬來ޤ

ʳˤϡֶƱδСפ褦ʥ롼ץμȤߤԤ졢ǤȤ¿ޤҤɤ⤿Ϥع̤ΤǤ뤷դ⤳عǶ뤳ȤڤȴȤޤ

󡢹ʤҤɤɤɥåץȤСѼˤʤäơֳڤפ⤷ʤǤ͡

顢ɥ顼ҰƤ䶵ˤϡ֥ɥåץȤФɬפΰݤޤλäͤҤɤ⤵󡽡͡Ū٥뤬⤯ǽϤι⤤䤫ʵο͡оݤˤʤ䤹ͤ򽸤᤿顢˥꡼ȶϤǤޤ


ףʤɤˤȤŰ줷ɥ顼ΡָĿͶعפ1972ǯ˥ϥ磻ΥҥΩ줿Τڤˡ198090ǯˤ12ۤɤä褦ǤθĹ꼡ߤǤϥҥﹻϤˤʤäƤޤ

˹⤤ۤǤƥå䥷奿ʡƱͤΥ륿ʥƥֶΤҤȤĤʤΤǤϤʤȻפޤ⤷ʬλҤɤ⤬Ŭ礹褦ʻꡢļʬ˻ϤСҤɤͿƤǽʤŪʶǤ礦


ܤξ崬Ǥϡɥ顼ɤγ֤ۤơפĤȤ⤤٤ưԤΣ¡ʡΥ٥ȥ顼Ȥʤä㲽ơֻۼԤۼԤפ餷ƤäͷӤ򤹤褦ʤ꤬ФƤޤ(pp.50-51)

Ȥϡإǥ󡦥ġ١ˮؿŪ桼ȥԥ١ˤȤΤǡȻ˾Ǥ⤢äʡưȤäŪʥߥ˥ƥΡºݤˤñȤȺۼԤǤϤʤ̾ΥץȥůͤĻƳ˼Ҳǥ󤷤餷Τɥ顼ɤγߤȤȺۼԤˤֻۡۡפ˱Ǥä褦Ǥ

طͦ٤³ԡعˤʤͦ٤ǡ߸Ϻʱů͡פ֤ۤƤȺۼԤפȤ̯򿶤󤷤ƤޤΥ롼ĤϤˤäΤǼޤ


ƶФޤɥ顼ɤϥɥ顼λҤ⤢餫ʥ˴ʤäƤޤ˴δΤޤ֥饸ƨ줿ɥ饤ꥫ˰ܽɬǷľޤɥ饤ƮŪʿͤä褦Ǥηľβǡ֥եȡס֥ưפģΣȤƿ߹ޤ줿褦ʤΤǤ

С֤ۤơפΰΤϡɥ顼ɤ˿ΡΥǥƥƥΰʤΤǡΤʤȤʤΤǤ


Ȥӥǥ󥹤С¾ήɤΤ뤯ʤɸʤƺѤ󤸤ʤǤ礦ͤ

֤ۤʤʤפȸʤ顢ɥ顼ɤζˤֶդˤեɥХåפϤȤ뤷ĹŦ褦ʤȤ⤷ޤ"No Punishment"ȸˡ̵ѤǶФפȤΤϤäĤȳפǤλѤʤΤǤ


¾ɥ顼ɤοˡˤĤơȤΤϳؤ٤Ȥ뤫⤷ʤ錄ϸĿŪˤϡ֥ѥפǤߡֿоɡפȤ̾ΤΤɤͭˤʤäƤޤȯã㳲ǰޤ졢ޤͳʾ㳲ݿ㳲⿩ʪιȯã㳲˴Ϣ򤵤褦ˤʤʤɡ̾°ɥ饹ƥåѤäƤƤޤɥ顼ɤοͤ˸碌Ф°פȤִüפȤȯָۤŪפȰ콳줫ͤʤΤǡäƤӤǤ褦˻פޤʰĽӺ˿äƤߤȯã㳲Ū㳲ƱƤ褦ä

錄ĿŪˤϥɥ顼θ˿ʹŪ˶Ȥ¿뤷ȤƳ̿ŪʤȤ򤷤ʿͤȤϻפޤλǤƺѤյϤʤ褦˻פޤ


Ȥ⤢졢ɥ顼ɤοͤϥեȤΰưӤۤƤΰޤطͦ٤ǡ־ǧߵꤻפȸäΤƱ͡ɥ顼ɤοͤΥ֥ƣߤȡ־ǧߵפΤȤʤɤ褦ǡϤ郎ȼΡ־ǧߵХå󥰡פοϤ˾äƤʤ褦ʤΤȤˤΰäƤʤȵޤʤΤ褦Ǥ


Ȥ櫓ǡΥ֥ǥɥ顼ɤΤȤĴ٤ƽ񤯤Τ⤽ˤȻפޤĤϤλʤ̥֡⼫ǤǤ礦